Do you understand the three stages of smart city construction?
Today's Chinese cities are rushing forward to embrace the era of wisdom. China is one of the most active countries in the construction of smart cities around the world. In recent years, with the further release of policy dividends and the massive investment of funds, the smart city industry will also usher in a new development climax. Smart city construction is entering the fast lane era! According to incomplete statistics, the number of smart cities in China has grown to more than 500, ranking the highest in the world.
First, the development status of smart cities?
In October 2019, according to incomplete statistics, the construction of smart cities mainly focused on excellent digital economy and smart city operation service enterprises such as BAT (Baidu, Ali, Tencent), Huawei and several major operators.
Because smart cities involve urban tourism, transportation, medical education, government convenience, business operations, ecological life and other aspects of wisdom and software upgrades. It is not only the needs of urban development, but also a smart integration of the country's governance of cities, cities and people's lives. Therefore, in the tide of smart city construction in China, it has become a new track for the various technology oligarchs to arrange, comprehensive analysis, from In fact, each company has its own strategic play and layout.
Baidu: relying on the strong knowledge data and the advantages of Baidu map, focus on the transportation and life in the construction of smart cities, to open up the smart city traffic and smart life home;
Ali: Has a strong Internet business ecosystem, big data and cloud computing advantages. Based on this feature, in the construction of smart cities, we will focus on building an urban computing brain based on big data and cloud computing and fully open to the ecological platform;
Tencent: Based on the powerful Chinese social empire and Tencent's cloud computing capabilities, it is based on Internet thinking. Based on Tencent's products and capabilities, it expands from the government, people's livelihood and digital government to the city's government services. , urban cultural tourism, urban transportation business, etc., redefining the smart services and space scenes of future cities;
Huawei: With absolute communication and technology advantages, we will focus on building the city's infrastructure in smart city construction and be the "black land" of the intelligent era. It can simultaneously provide new ICT products and solutions for cloud management, and realize cloud, The synergy between technologies such as the Internet of Things, video, and edge computing and AI.
Second, the cognitive status of smart cities?
Smart city is an open and complex system integrating industry, technology, model and capital. The construction of smart city is stepping into the development of “fast lane”. With the comprehensive advancement of China's “new four” process, the construction of “smart, intensive, energy-saving, green” smart cities has been widely recognized by most Chinese city managers. Smart cities are an inevitable trend in the development of urban modernization to a certain stage, and an effective way to enhance the competitiveness of cities. Among them, the smart city stage highlights the “wisdom” characteristics of the city.
At present, the wisdom elements scattered in various fields and industries are more “fragmented”. The construction of smart cities is an extremely complicated system engineering. Non-owned enterprises can be monopolized, and some enterprises that need ecosystems can participate in cooperation to build well. For example, the first track is BAT, Huawei and other smart city construction contractors; the second track is Peking University Founder, Digital China and other technical support parties, the third track is beautiful scenery, Dongdao, Zhengbang and other content service providers.
Third, the three stages of smart city construction
At present, smart cities are not only a combination of simple digital cities and Internet of Things, but also use modern information technology to connect people and things, culture and knowledge online and offline, and promote the interconnection of all things in the urban operating system, deep learning of knowledge, and travel intelligence. Convenient and intelligent leisure life. Now he is engaged in the planning of beautiful city and participating in the construction of smart city cultural tourism. He pointed out that the construction of smart city can be divided into three stages: gradual advancement of the city, the virtual city, and the virtual city. Things and people can communicate and live; finally, the city is truly intelligent, thinking, self-optimizing and evolving.
The first stage: "All things are connected." This is the primary form of a smart city. It connects the digital city through the virtual city network. The purpose is to let the world we live in can be expressed by numbers, so that things can be “self-explanatory” online; Basic understanding and dialogue of things, people and things;
The second stage: "smart and convenient." After Wan Wan Wanlian, intelligent and convenient services are implemented to realize intelligent response and regulation on the basis of network transmission, such as smart government, intelligent transportation, smart living, smart equipment, smart factories, etc.
The third stage: "Wisdom prioritization." After all the intelligence and convenience, the more data, the more choices. At this time, big data wisdom priority, AI wisdom deep learning, etc., make all parts of the city function optimally driven by human intelligence and maximize the best service to the public.
A vision to achieve “wisdom and make the city a better place” faster and better. A smart society will become the future vision of smart city construction and development. What is a smart city to build is more important than how to build it. To mine real urban upgrade needs; collect complete data related to the problem; complete algorithmic iterations from the bottom layer to the application layer; upgrade the infrastructure. The challenge of smart cities lies in how to improve economic efficiency, ensure information security and achieve cross-regional information sharing.